Cost of living
Prices can vary from one area to the other. Average prices august 2009.
|TYPE||DESCRIPTION||QUANTITY||AVERAGE PRICE (€)|
|Bread + cereals||Rice||1kg||2.58|
|Personal care||Shower gel||250ml||1.53|
|Sports & Leisures||Cinema||6.41|
Generally speaking, in Italy every person (Italian or foreign, resident or non-resident) must pay taxes. Residents must pay for all the incomes they have. Non-resident have to pay only for the incomes earned in Italy. People are considered “fiscally resident” if for 183 days in one year they:
– Are in the list of the population (elenchi anagrafici)
– Have in Italy the head office of their business (domicilio civilistico)
– Normally live in Italy (residenza civilistica)
In Italy there are two kind of taxes:
– Direct Tax: like the income tax (IRPEF – Imposta sul Reddito delle Persone Fisiche) or the corporate tax (IRPEG – Imposta sul Reddito delle Persone Giuridiche)
– Indirect Tax: like tax on goods, services and import (VAT – Value Added Tax), tax on the regional production (IRAP – Imposta Regionale sulle Attività Produttive)
In Italy, employment relationships are fully regulated by specific laws, which derive from the principles of the Constitution. In order to make a law working, governmental and ministerial decrees and regulations are issued. The so-called “Legge Biagi” (decree n. 276/2003), for example, has introduced more flexibility in the Italian employment system. Many type of contract have been reformed. Terms and conditions of employment are regulated by agreements concluded at national level by representatives of employers and employees for different occupational groups. The final agreement is concluded between the employer and the employee, referring to the national negotiation. The salary is usually based on the working time established by the national agreement which is normally the legal 40-hour week. The pay is due also during holidays, allowances, marital leave and for absences due to illness, maternity, accident. When an employee stops working he has the right to a severance pay (TFR – Trattamento di Fine Rapporto) which is calculated year by year and put aside.