Turin regional capital of Piedmont (north west of Italy)
- Population: 900,000 in the city, 1,700,000 in the metropolitan area
- Time zone: GMT +01:00. Legal summer time
- Weather: continental climate, with hot summers and cold winters. The rainy season is in autumn
- Opening times: shops Mon-Sat (10:00am-01:00pm and 03:30-07:30pm) – Supermarkets stay open all day (09:00am-9:00pm)
- Driving: to drive you must be over 18. A driving licence issued by any of the EU country is valid. Otherwise you must obtain an International licence or a conversion of your state side licence. You drive on the right.
- Public holidays. In these days shops, banks, offices and schools are closed:
1 January: New Year’s Day /6 January: Epiphany Easter Monday /25 April: Anniversary of the Liberation /1 May: Labour Day /2 June: Republic Day / 15 August: Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary ( Ferragosto ) / 1 November: All Saints Day /8 December: Immaculate Conception / 25 December: Christmas Day / 26 December: Boxing Day / 24 June: San Giovanni Battista Turin’s Patron Saint’s Day
Electricity, telephone, mail
- Electricity: the electrical current is AC – the cycle is 50Hz 220 V. If you carry electrical appliances you should have a transformer. Plugs have round prongs, not flat, therefore an European Plug Adapter (round pin) is needed
- Telephone: Italy calling code: 0039; Turin calling code: 011
Main mobile network operator are: Tim, Vodafone, Wind and 3. You can subscribe a contract or use prepaid cards www.tim.it – www.vodafone.it – www.wind.it – www.tre.it
- Post offices opening time: Mon-Fri (08:30am-02:00pm) – Sat (08:30am-01:00pm)
Banking / Currency
- Banks: Mon – Fri (08:30am- 01:00pm and 02:00 to 04:00pm). Non residents can open a bank account. They only need a National Insurance number (Codice Fiscale). Some banks ask for a residence certificate.
- The most important banks are: Intesa SanPaolo, Banca Sella and Unicredit
www.intesasanpaolo.com – www.sella.it – www.unicreditbanca.it
- Currency: Euro
112 Carabinieri – 113 Police – 115 Fire Brigade – 116 Breakdown service – 118 Ambulance
Out of 6 million all over Italy, approximately 200.000 business are located in Turin and its province. Nearly 90% of them have less than 50 employees. Research and development is strongly supported by a dynamic network of more than 200 research centres and several scientific and technology parks. Turin’s main industrial clusters are: automotive and robotics, car and industrial design, aerospace, bio-technologies, ICT, eco-industry, home textile, writing tools, agro-food industry, movie industry. The city gave birth to some of the most important Italian companies: Fiat, Telecom Italia, Seat Pagine Gialle, Rai, Lavazza, Cirio, Fondiaria Sai, Reale Mutua Assicurazioni, Lancia, Italdesign (Giugiaro), Pininfarina, Caffarel, Carpano (who invented the vermouth liquor), Martini & Rossi, Istituto Bancario San Paolo di Torino (now Intesa San Paolo). Turin and its greater area rank first in Italy according to the FDI attraction index. Investments come mainly from: (USA 24%), Germany and France (17%), UK (8%), Spain, Japan and Switzerland (5%). Examples of foreign society in Turin are: Exair communication, Huawei, Ias, Marcus Evans, NanoBio Design, Nurun, Scheuten Solar.
www.to.camcom.it – www.itp-agency.org
Foreign workers can register with the National Health Service and choose the GP with the local health authority (ASL- Azienda Sanitaria Locale). For children under the age of 14 you should contact a paediatrician.
www.regione.piemonte.it/sanita or 800 333 444
Recognizable from a red or green luminous cross. They follow shops opening times. Night-time service is provided on a shift basis. Chemists can provide you with advice or over the counter medicines. If you need a prescription you have to contact a GP
Turin is characterized by a “checkerboard” plan, legacy from the ancient Romans. But its architecture is under ongoing transformation. In the 1600s the royal family (Savoia) gave to the city its baroque face: the Cathedral of San Giovanni Battista and Duomo of Turin, the church of San Lorenzo and the Consolata Sanctuary. Baroque style can also be identified in some of the most famous streets and squares in the old centre (Via Po, Piazza Castello, Piazza San Carlo), in its bridges and in 18km of arcades lining the city centre. The heart of the Torinese baroque system is the “Corona delle Delizie”, a circuit of 14 royal residences, urban, suburban and some located in the rest of Piedmont. At the beginning of the XX Century, Art Nouveau flourished in Turin, especially in a number of middle-class houses across the city, on Corso Francia, on the hillside and in the area around the Valentino Park. In the 1920s and 1930s two new architectural symbols were erected in Turin: the Lingotto (the most important European automotive production plant), now transformed into a polyvalent centre, and central Via Roma. The city’s architectural evolution began in the 1970s and it’s still in progress, thanks to the conversions of historic or disused industrial structures.
– Temperature: C = (F-32) : 1,8 – F = (Cx32) : + 32
– Distance: 1 inch = 2,54 cm – 1 cm = 0,39 inches – 1 foot = 0,30 m – 1 m = 3,28 feet – 1 yard = 0,91 m – 1m = 1,09 yards – 1 mile = 1,61 km – 1 km = 0,62 miles
– Weight: 1 once = 28,35 g – 1 g = 0,035 once – 1 pound = 0,45 kg – 1 kg = 2,21 pounds
– Volume: 1l = 0,22 British gallons – 0,26 American gallons – 1 British gallon = 4,55 l – 1 American gallon = 3,79 l